The notion of volunteering is linked to solidarity and selfless offer. Volunteering is expressed in many ways, each with its own physiognomy and method of action. A common feature of all, however, is their contribution to the defense of fundamental rights.
In modern times, volunteering has been established as the institution that contributes to tackling social, economic and environmental problems and is called upon to fill the gaps created by the state’s weakness and market mechanisms.
In this context, many non-governmental organizations have appeared in recent years with a multitude of voluntary actions and main fields of application of the environment, culture, social services. Within each scope, non-governmental organizations, whether in the form of a non-profit / non-profit foundation or acting as clubs or clubs, support their action in the voluntary offer of their members.
Volunteering is not just a condition, it is a lifestyle, and it works constructively in the social sphere as it affects everyone, regardless of social and economic discrimination, promotes the active participation of citizens in the defense of their fundamental rights and strengthens social solidarity and cohesion.
Volunteering can be considered as:
- a combination of activism and unpaid work,
- activation and exploitation of leisure time,
- making use of free time and selfless offer,
- the combination of these three distinct elements.
Several people separate volunteerism into formal and informal. Official volunteering involves offering, for example, a non-governmental organization or an institution. Informal volunteering involves offering more on a personal level, for example helping an elderly person on the road.
Particular resonance nowadays has a particular form of volunteering. This volunteering is usually targeted at young people and is associated with non-governmental organizations on issues such as ecology, sport, or helping social groups facing some form of difficulty (drug addicts, people with disabilities, etc.). Several think that this form of volunteering takes place with the essential and long-term goal of smoothly integrating young people into the social system rather than developing a sense of solidarity.
Source: Volunteering and Society in the 21st Century, C, Rochester, A, Ellis Paine, S, Howlett